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Aneurysm – Gary Ferone

An aneurysm is a very weak point in an artery and it most commonly occur in the arteries of the brain or in the body’s largest artery which is the aorta. An aortic aneurysm can be in the chest which is a thoracic aortic aneurysm or in the abdomen which is an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Most people with an aneurysm do not even know they have one and if the aneurysm grows large enough, the artery wall may become so thin that blood begins to leak into the wall of the blood vessel which is also known as dissection or out into neighbouring tissues or parts of the body.

When the brain is deprived of blood and therefore oxygen, a stroke results and an accumulation of blood from a leaking brain aneurysm can press on areas of the brain causing brain damage. When an aortic aneurysm leaks or ruptures, severe bleeding which is also known as haemorrhage may occur and this is a medical emergency that requires immediate attention. Other groups who have a high risk of developing an aneurysm include people who smoke, have a family history of aneurysm, have high blood pressure and have atherosclerosis which is blocked and weakened blood vessels, have untreated syphilis, have infections, have injuries, etc.

Diet and Diabetes – Gary Ferone

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As food is digested, it is broken down into glucose which is also known as sugar which provides energy and powers our cells. Insulin which is a hormone made in the pancreas moves the glucose from the blood to the cells. If there is not enough insulin or the insulin is not working properly, then the glucose stays in the blood as well as causes blood sugar levels to rise. There are three main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. Type 1 is caused from the pancreas no longer being able to make insulin and is usually found in children, teens and young adults.

Gestational diabetes can also occur near the end of a woman’s pregnancy and usually disappears after the baby’s birth. When poorly controlled diabetes causes blood glucose levels that are too high or too low, one may not feel well and diabetes that is poorly controlled over time can lead to complications that affect the body from head to toe. Issues can also occur with everything from one’s eyes, kidneys and nerves to reproductive organs, blood vessels and gums. Processed foods as well as items high in fat or sugar not only can disrupt the balance between glucose and insulin which results in inflammation.

Chemical Pregnancy – Gary Ferone

A chemical pregnancy or a very early miscarriage occurs when a pregnancy is lost shortly after the implantation which also results in heavy bleeding. When a fertilized egg implants in the uterus, cells that would become the placenta begin to produce the levels of the pregnancy hormone hCG and these hCG levels are high enough that they are able to be detected on a blood or a urine test and can create a positive result on a pregnancy test. However, an ultrasound would not be able to detect a gestational sac or a placenta developing and an ultrasound could not detect a heartbeat. The fertilized egg does not complete implantation and loss of pregnancy occurs which also results in bleeding about a week after your regular period were due during a chemical pregnancy.

Because chemical pregnancy occurs early in a pregnancy, women may not even realize that they have conceived when they experience a chemical pregnancy. The following may be signs of the chemical pregnancy such as heavy bleeding, menstrual like cramps, passing clots from the vagina, etc. The reasons for the miscarriage vary but most occur because the fetus is not developing normally and errors with genes or chromosomes usually occur by chance as the embryo divides and grows. Experiencing heavy bleeding around the time of your expected period soon after receiving a positive result from a pregnancy test can be a sign that you are no longer pregnant. Other causes may include the following such as inadequate uterine lining, low hormone levels, luteal phase defect, infection, etc.

Whiplash neck injury – Gary Ferone

Whiplash is a type of a neck injury which occurs when an incident forces one’s head back and forth rapidly and forcefully which is similar to the cracking of a whip. Some causes of whiplash are car accidents, physical assault, sports injuries, amusement park rides, etc. Some symptoms of whiplash are neck stiffness, neck pain that may get worse with movement, loss of range of motion in the neck, headaches that start at the base of the skull, tenderness or pain in the shoulders, upper back or arms, fatigue, dizziness, etc. The movement can injure the muscles, nerves, spine, joints and discs of the neck and it is among the most common and debilitating non fatal injuries. The sudden S shaped motion causes the neck’s ligaments as well as tendons to stretch and tear and the doctor will touch and move your head, neck and arms and ask you to move your body in some specific ways to determine the range of motion of your neck and shoulders, the motion that causes pain and the tenderness in your neck, shoulders or back. Treatment depends on the severity of the neck injury and it will likely include rest, heat application and over the counter or prescription painkillers.